Thesis Statement Writing Guide

Thesis Statement Writing Guide

How to Write a Thesis


The thesis statement tells the reader what the essay is about. While the statement itself is fairly short — typically one sentence — the impact it has on an essay is enormous. The thesis statement serves as the guiding principle behind an essay, directly influencing the choices made regarding what will be included in an essay and what will be left out. A good thesis statement also determines the organization of an essay, allowing the writer to structure the essay in a way that makes it easy for readers to see the strength of his or her argument.

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Despite its importance, a thesis statement need not be complicated. In fact, a good thesis statement contains only three elements: 1) a claim, 2) information to  support that claim, and 3) an appeal to the audience.

The following is a step-by-step guide for writing a thesis statement.

How to Write a Thesis Statement


Step 1: Come up with a claim

A thesis statement is usually stated as a claim. A claim is an opinion, statement, or idea that you believe to be true and that you intend to support with evidence. While there are other words that can be used to describe a thesis statement (such as “argument” or “opinion”), a thesis statement essentially amounts to a stated claim.

However, coming up with a good claim isn’t always easy. It takes time and effort  to develop a claim that is clear, precise, and relevant to the essay. 

Step 2: State your information as a statement 

The information that you’ll be including in your thesis statement will be based on the research that you conducted in preparation to write your essay. Your thesis statement should reflect this research. 

For example, if you’re writing an essay about the impact of the sun on the Earth, you might write a thesis statement like this: “The sun is the main source of energy for Earth’s ecosystem.”

This is a straightforward statement that contains both of the elements that make up a thesis statement: a claim and supporting information.

Step 3: Appeal to your audience

Although all essays have the same format (i.e., they all contain at  least one thesis statement), each essay is written to appeal to a different audience. This means that every thesis statement contains information that is appropriate – and pertinent – to the audience that will be reading your essay.

For example, if you’re going to be writing your essay for a class of university students, you should be preparing your thesis statement to appeal to that audience.

To do this, you’ll need to find a specific group within your audience and state a claim that applies specifically to that group. For example, if you’re writing your essay for college students but the average age of your audience is 52, you’ll want to state your claim and other statements in your thesis that are appropriate for a group of that age.

How to construct a thesis statement


The structure of a thesis statement varies depending on the type of essay that you’re writing. In the case of descriptive essays, for example, your thesis statement will be one of the first things that readers see. Because of this, it’s important that your thesis statement is both accurate and interesting.

The first sentence

One of the most important parts of any essay is the opening statement. The same is true of a thesis statement. The opening statement, also known as a claim, should set the tone for the rest of your essay. It should  be provocative, intriguing or informative – but most importantly, true.

The rest of your essay

The remainder of your essay will then provide supporting information to prove that your claim is true.

Examples of Thesis Statements


Here are some examples of different thesis statements, so you can see what they should look like when you’re finished writing your essay.

The globalization of food has changed the traditions of eating in America. 

The rise of super-stores has changed the way that people in America buy their food.

Despite the benefits of social media, it has led to increased depression and anxiety among young people.

Hillary Clinton was one of the most qualified presidential candidates in modern history.



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